How do I know if my golf cart is 36v or 48V?

How do I know if my golf cart is 36v or 48V?

Are you tired of constantly running out of juice on the golf course? Do you want to ensure you have the right batteries for your golf cart? Then, you need to know the voltage of your golf cart! It’s a simple yet crucial piece of information that can make a huge difference in your golfing experience. Don’t worry if you’re unsure how to determine if your golf cart is a 36v/48V golf cart; we’ve got you covered.

We’ll show you some easy ways to figure out the voltage of your golf cart, so you can avoid any future headaches and get back to perfecting your swing!

Factors to identify golf cart batteries

Identifying the battery bank is the first step in determining the voltage of a golf cart. The battery bank, which may be situated in front of or behind the seat, contains all the batteries.


  • Batteries and voltage rating
  • Calculate the golf cart’s voltage
  • Calculate the overall voltage of the battery bank




Count the number of batteries and voltage rating.

You may calculate the voltage of your lithium battery cart by counting the number of batteries in the battery bank or by noting the voltage ratings of each battery. If each battery in your golf cart has a voltage of 6 volts, the overall voltage of your vehicle will be 36 volts. But, if your golf cart has six 8-volt batteries, the overall voltage will be 48 volts.

To determine the number of batteries and their voltage rating in your golf cart, follow the manufacturer’s label, count the batteries, look at the battery voltage label, or test the voltage with a voltmeter.

Calculate your 36v/48V golf cart voltage.

To calculate the voltage of your golf cart, you need to know the voltage rating of each battery and the number of batteries in series. Golf cart batteries are typically 12 volts.

To determine the total voltage of your golf cart, follow these steps:

  • Count the number of batteries in series. In a series connection, the positive terminal of one battery is connected to the negative terminal of the next battery, and so on.
  • Multiply the voltage rating of each battery by the number of batteries in series.

For example, if your golf cart has three 12-volt batteries connected in series, the total voltage would be 12 volts per battery x 3 batteries = 36 volts.

If your golf cart has four 12-volt batteries connected in series, the total voltage would be: 12 volts per battery x 4 batteries = 48 volts.

Check the manufacturer’s label or use a voltmeter to determine your golf cart’s voltage. 

Calculate the overall voltage of the battery bank

Consider that some carts may use a variety of battery voltages. In this situation, To calculate the overall voltage of a battery bank, follow these steps:

  1. Determine the number of batteries in the bank. Let’s say there are four batteries.
  2. Find the nominal voltage of each battery. For example, if each battery has a nominal voltage of 12 volts, write it down.
  3. Multiply each battery’s nominal voltage by the number of batteries in the bank. In our example, four batteries at 12 volts each would give 48 volts.
  4. Check the actual voltage of each battery using a voltmeter. If the batteries are not identical or have different charge levels, their actual voltage may differ slightly from their nominal voltage.
  5. Add the actual voltage of each battery together to get the total voltage of the battery bank.

For example, if the actual voltage of each battery is 12 volts, 12 volts, 12 volts, and 12 volts, the total voltage of the battery bank would be 12 + 12 + 12 + 12 = 48 volts.

Brief Overview of the Differences Between 36v/48V golf cart Models

When considering golf carts, it’s important to understand the key differences between 36V and 48V models.

Firstly, 36-volt carts typically utilize six 6-volt batteries. 48-volt carts commonly use six 8-volt batteries or four 12-volt batteries. This results in a higher voltage for 48V carts, providing more power than 36V carts. 

Secondly, 36-volt lithium-ion golf carts are often less expensive and easier to maintain than 48-volt models. However, if you’re traversing hilly terrain or carrying heavy loads, a 48V cart may be the better choice due to its increased power. Ultimately, deciding between a 36V and 48V golf cart depends on your needs and preferences.

Batteries for 36v/48V golf cart

A typical kind of battery used in golf carts is a deep-cycle lead-acid battery intended to deliver a consistent power flow over an extended duration. These batteries are available in several sizes and configurations, each with a voltage and amp-hour rating.

Batteries for 36-volt carts

Some 36V carts employ 6V deep-cycle lead-acid batteries. In a series configuration, each battery’s positive terminal is connected to the next cell’s negative terminal, resulting in a total voltage of 36V. In this configuration, the golf cart requires six batteries to operate.

Batteries for 48V golf carts

8V deep-cycle lead-acid batteries are often used to power 48V golf carts. Due to the cart’s series structure, six batteries are required to power the vehicle. As the batteries here have greater voltage ratings, a total of 48V exists.

Remember that certain 48V golf carts may employ 12v battery instead of the standard 8V batteries. By connecting four 12V batteries in series, 48V may be generated. Consider this arrangement anytime you are doing a battery swap on a 48V lithium cart, even though it happens less often than when dealing with an 8V battery design.

Understanding the type, voltage, and configuration of the batteries in your golf cart is crucial for purchasing replacements or diagnosing electrical problems.

Pros and Cons of 36v/48V golf cart

While choosing between a 36V and 48 volt golf cart batteries, it is essential to examine the advantages of both models. The cost and maintenance of 36-volt golf carts are lowered. This is why customers seeking a less expensive choice often choose it. The 36-volt golf cart’s limited speed and hill-climbing capabilities are other disadvantages. If you want to operate your golf cart in steep terrain, a 36-volt system may not be sufficient.

Advantages of 36-Volt Golf Carts

There are several benefits to utilizing a 36-volt golf cart, but two of the most noticeable are the cheaper cost and minimal maintenance needs. Lithium golf carts are cheaper than their 48-volt equivalents, so thrifty consumers prefer them. Also, the lower number of batteries in 36-volt carts decreases the frequency of battery replacement and other maintenance activities. This feature may save you money and time in the long run. If you are looking for a low-cost, low-maintenance golf cart, a 36-volt model may be the best option.

Disadvantages of 36-Volt Golf Carts

While having some advantages, there are a few disadvantages to utilizing 36-volt golf carts. The primary drawbacks of 36-volt carts are their slower speed and worse incline performance. Due to the reduced power output, specific riders may struggle to ascend steep slopes. A 36-volt cart may be faster for golfers who must go quickly across the course. A 48-volt golf cart could be ideal if you desire power and speed.

Advantages of 48V golf carts

Compared to its 12-volt and 24-volt equivalents, 48-volt golf carts offer several advantages. Because of its enhanced speed and power, it can traverse rough terrain, such as steep slopes, which is one of its primary advantages. The highest speed of a cart powered by a 48V system is 25 miles per hour, much quicker than the 12 to 15 mph attained by carts powered by lower voltage systems. Due to their increased speed and power, 48-volt lithium carts are the best option for larger golf courses and resorts since they can transport greater loads. In addition, the batteries in 48-volt golf cart battery often last longer, allowing them to function without being recharged for extended periods.

Disadvantages of 48-volt golf carts

There are several advantages to employing a 12v golf cart batteries system in a golf cart and some disadvantages. They are much more costly than equivalent low-voltage carts. Those with a limited budget cannot afford the more excellent performance and power of a 48-volt system due to its higher cost. The greater speed and power of a 48-volt cart may place more pressure on the engine and other vehicle components, necessitating more regular maintenance. 48-volt carters must maintain their cars to prevent expensive repairs and breakdowns. Lastly, 48-volt golf carts may need installing and maintaining costly, specialized charging equipment. There are several benefits to adopting 48-volt lithium battery-powered carts, but not everyone will find them to be the greatest option owing to their greater upfront cost and regular maintenance.

How to Identify Your Golf Cart Model

How do I know if my golf cart is 36v or 48V?

The brand and model of a golf cart are essential information to have on hand if you want to learn about the cart’s characteristics and get the proper parts for maintenance and upgrades. The age and condition of the lithium battery cart may reveal a great deal about the manufacturer.

Here is a potential FAQ question

Q: Can I convert my 36-volt golf cart to a 48-volt system? 

It is possible to convert a 36-volt golf cart to a 48-volt system, but it requires significant modifications and upgrades. This process can be complicated and costly, so consulting with a professional before attempting a conversion is essential. Additionally, some golf carts may not be compatible with a 48-volt system due to their design or construction. If you’re considering a conversion, research thoroughly and consult with experts to ensure it’s the right choice for your needs.


Thus, understanding the voltage of your golf cart is a must for understanding its possibilities and limits. Check the battery pack’s voltage or reference the owner’s handbook to see if your battery cart is 36V or 48V. Knowing the voltage lets you utilize the appropriate replacement components and add-ons for repairs and upgrades.

We discussed the primary differences between 36V and 48V carts, including their different speeds, power levels, battery lifespan, pricing, and maintenance requirements. Powered by a 48-volt battery, golf carts are faster and more powerful but need more money and maintenance.

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